Indoor Officials Certifications

  • Indoor Officials Certifications

    • Provisional Referee

      The entry level professional referee certification that is awarded by a region is as a Provisional referee.

      To be certified as a Provisional referee:


        • Attend a referee clinic as scheduled by the regional referee chair.
        • Receive a score on a USAV C or higher written/on-line examination. (all exams must be corrected to 100% with rule references).
        • Receive one (1) passing rating as a first referee and one (1) passing rating as a second referee from a USAV National, Junior National or Regional referee.
        • First year of referee certification is considered an “In-Process” year.
        • Must be a USAV regular member.
        • Have a general knowledge of the rules, mechanics & techniques used by USA Volleyball referees.
        • Understand the basics of transitioning and positioning as an R2.
        • Have a basic knowledge of the use of the USAV scoresheet.

      To retain a Provisional referee certification:


        • Attend a referee clinic as scheduled by regional referee chair.
        • Receive a score on a USAV C or higher written/on-line examination. (all exams must be corrected to 100% with rule references).
        • Receive one (1) passing rating as a first referee and one (1) passing rating as a second referee from a USAV National, Junior National or Regional referee.
        • Must be a USAV regular member.
        • Failure to complete the above listed requirements by the published ratings and test date may result in the forfeiture of your Provisional referee rating.
        • Have a general knowledge of the rules, mechanics & techniques used by USA Volleyball referees.
        • Understand the basics of transitioning and positioning as an R2.
        • Have a basic knowledge of the use of the USAV scoresheet.
        • Show awareness of rotational faults.
        • Show back row awareness.
    • Regional Referee

      The next referee certification awarded by the regions is the Regional referee certification. Here are the minimum requirements to achieve and maintain this certification.

      To be certified as a Regional referee:


        • Serve a minimum of one year as Provisional referee.
        • Attend a referee clinic as scheduled by regional referee chair.
        • Receive a passing grade on the USAV A or B written/on-line examination. (all exams must be corrected to 100% with rule references).
        • In the process of successfully retaining the Provisional referee rating, receive a recommendation to the region referee chair as a Regional referee candidate.
        • Prior to attendance at the regional rating process set by the region referee chair; receive one rating as a second referee from a National or Junior National referee.
        • Attend and successfully complete the regional rating process set by the region referee chair.
        • Must be an USAV regular member.
        • Have a good knowledge of the rules, mechanics & techniques.
        • Have a basic knowledge of the use of the USAV scoresheet.
        • Knows how to transition as an R2
        • Show awareness of rotational faults.
        • Show back row awareness.

      To retain a Regional referee certification:


        • Attend a referee clinic as scheduled by regional referee chair.
        • Receive minimal grade of 80% on the USAV A or B written/on-line examination. (all exams must be corrected to 100% with rule references).
        • Receive one (1) passing rating from a National or Junior National referee.
        • Give a day rating Provisional referee candidates as scheduled with the region chair; assist in conducting an adult or junior clinic; submit eight (8) ratings of Provisional referee candidates; or referee at Adult or Junior Regional Championship as approved by the region referee chair; or other service to the region as approved by the region referee chair.
        • Must be a USAV regular member.
        • Failure to complete the above listed requirements by the published ratings and test date may result in the forfeiture of your Regional rating.
        • Have knowledge of the rules and know how to apply them.
        • Have a basic knowledge of the use of the USAV scoresheet.
        • Have good mechanics.
        • Know the techniques of an R1 & R2.
        • Know how to transition as an R2.
        • Recognize rotational faults.
        • Recognize back row faults.
    • Junior National Referee

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      I. Certification and Application Requirements


      1. File the official application for the current season. Application forms and instructions for completing them are available here.
      2. Obtain all approvals as noted in the instructions and submit application fee as noted.
      3. The deadline for submitting an application is April 1. Applicants will be notified of their acceptance status by May 1.
      4. Demonstrate proficiency as a scorer by successfully completing the written scorer examination and scoring clinic (the specific clinic and exam is spelled out in the application instructions) found in USAV Academy. As part of the evaluation process, each candidate will be required to keep score and to take and pass a scorer’s practical exam at the certification event. National scorers are not required to keep score, but will have to complete the scorer's practical exam at the event.
      5. Take the current version of the USAV National-level rules examination for referees in accordance to the guidelines in the candidate’s region.
      6. Attend the designated USA Volleyball event and successfully complete all requirements at that tournament. The event requirements include (but are not limited to):
        1. Attendance at all pre-tournament Officials’ Clinics and Candidates' Meetings, and availability to referee at the event until the completion of the rating session.
        2. Successful completion of the evaluation session(s).
        3. Forfeiture of all match fees to the Indoor Officials’ Commission of USA Volleyball for matches officiated during the rating session. Candidates might retain fees earned from matches refereed after the completion of the rating session if the candidate is contracted with the events department in advance. Candidates must plan to be available for assignment until the end of the rating session.
      7. Upon successful completion of these requirements, the candidate will receive a USA Volleyball Junior National referee certification and patch.

      NOTE: By agreement of the PAVO and the USAV Indoor Official’s Commission, Referees, a certified PAVO National referee may be certified as a USAV Indoor Junior National referee without meeting certification requirements I above. The individual must be in good standing in his/her region and must be recommended by the PAVO. A request must be sent to the Associate Chair, National Indoor Officials Commission, Referees. Upon acceptance by the Associate Chair, the referee must attend that year’s Junior National rating tournament, and will be reviewed on a minimum of two matches to ascertain the individuals’ strength rating as a referee. The referee must also complete all annual requirements for that season, with deadlines being given based on the date of acceptance.

      II. Responsibilities and Entitlements


      1. After certification by the National Commission for Evaluation and Certification, a USA Volleyball Junior National referee will be entitled to wear the official USA Volleyball Junior National referee patch while officiating at USA Volleyball-sanctioned events.
      2. A USA Volleyball Junior National referee is authorized to officiate all USA Volleyball-sanctioned competition within any of the USA Volleyball regions, including Qualifier and Bid competition, and is qualified to officiate at the USA Junior National Championships.
      3. Certification as a USA Volleyball Junior National referee is valid for a period of four (4) years. To maintain certification, the referee must complete the following:
        1. Annual Requirements.
          1. Register as a member of a USA Volleyball region and remain an active referee with his/her RVA.
          2. Remit annual dues as levied by the Indoor Officials Commission of USA Volleyball by the date established.
          3. In the prescribed method, take the USA Volleyball written rules exam for national-level referees.
          4. Take the USA Volleyball scorer exam as prescribed by the Indoor Officials Commission, Referees
          5. Attend the USA Volleyball National Referee clinic.
          6. Have a current background screening on file with USA Volleyball
        2. Attendance requirements for the first two certification terms - must be a full day commitment as a referee at any of the required events.
          1. Officiate at one of the USA Junior National Championships in at least two different years during each of the first two certification terms.
          2. Officiate at a USA Volleyball Qualifier or Bid Tournament, the Starlings Tournament, the NCVF Club Championships, or one of the USA Junior National Championships during one of the remaining two years of each of the first two certification terms.
          3. Submit to re-evaluation by the National Commission for Evaluation and Certification at any time while officiating at a USAV sanctioned event.
          4. May be absent from all national-level competition one year out of each of the first two certification terms.
        3. Attendance requirements for subsequent terms after the first two certification terms.
          1. Same attendance requirements as in 2, but if attend a JNC and a tournament from the list in 2b in the same year, can be absent from national-level competition for two separate years in that certification term.
      4. A USAV Junior National referee encountering unusual difficulty in meeting the attendance requirements may request, in a letter or email, a one-year extension of certification. The request must be submitted to the Associate Chair, Indoor National Officials Commission, Referees.
        1. If the referee wishes to re-certify within the three years immediately following expiration of the rating, the referee must:
          1. Submit an application and a summary of volleyball activities for the previous three (3) years.
          2. Affirm membership within the respective USA Volleyball region during the period since expiration.
          3. Send the application and summary to the Director for National Referee Evaluation and Certification, who may authorize the candidate to attend a USA Girls' Junior National Championship for re-evaluation. The recertification candidate must pay the $150.00 candidate fee, and follow the procedures as noted in Section I.F above.
        2. If the referee wishes to re-certify after the three-year period following expiration of the Junior National Referee certification, the referee must apply through his/her region as noted in Section I above.
        3. Applications for new Junior National referees will be given priority over applications submitted under the provisions for expired certifications.

      III. Certification and Application Requirements


      1. National Officials Commission Dues
        1. A USA Volleyball Junior National referee who does not submit his/her dues by the deadline will be assessed a late fee of 100%.
        2. If the dues and the late fee are not received by the subsequent deadline, the Junior National Referee certification will be rescinded.
      2. National-level written rules exam
        1. A USA Volleyball Junior National referee who submits a National-level rules exam after the deadline will not be confirmed to work as a referee for one of the USA Junior National Championships during that season unless one of the JNC tournaments is in need of referees, even if the referee must attend to maintain certification.
        2. If the referee attends a certifying tournament in the year the referee exam is submitted after the deadline, he or she will not receive credit for attendance in that season.
        3. If the rules exam is not received by May 31 of that year, the referee will lose his/her USAV Junior National referee certification.
        4. If the referee fails to achieve the minimum score of 90% on the USAV written rules exam, but submits the exam by the testing deadline, he/she will be placed on a one year probation.
          1. During the probationary year, the referee may not referee the 16 through 18 Open level at any JNC, and will not be assigned to any Finals match.
          2. If the referee does not achieve the minimum score on the written rules exam for a second consecutive year, his/her Junior National referee certification will be rescinded.
      3. National Referee Clinic
        1. If the referee fails to complete the national referee clinic by March 1, attendance at any national level tournament in that season will not count towards attendance requirements. The referee will also not be accepted to referee at either of the JNC tournaments that season.
        2. If the referee fails to complete the national referee clinic by May 31, his/her Junior National referee certification will be rescinded.
      4. Failure to complete A, B, or C for a second year in a row by the initial deadline will result in a rescinding of the referees Junior National referee certification.
        1. Officials Commission Dues – November 1
        2. National-level rules exam – March 1
        3. National Referee clinic – March 1
      5. USAV Membership
        1. If the referee does not become a member of USAV by March 1, the Junior National certification will be rescinded
      6. Attendance requirements
        1. A USA Volleyball Junior National referee who does not attend the required tournaments during any certification period, and does not ask for the one-year extension of certification, will be placed on a one-year probation period.
          1. In the year following probation, if the referee does not attend a required tournament, the USA Volleyball Junior National certification will be rescinded.
          2. In the year following probation, if the referee attends a required tournament, a one-year certification extension will be granted. If the referee attends a required tournament in the second year following the probation, a new four (4) year certification period is awarded.
      7. Re-evaluation
        1. A USAV Junior National referee will be formally evaluated as both a first and second referee at least ONCE in each certification term
          1. Evaluations may occur as often as every two years
            1. Evaluations will not occur in consecutive years if passing scores are achieved
          2. Consecutive evaluations will not be done by the same evaluator
          3. The evaluator will conduct a formal debriefing as soon as possible depending on the availability of the referee and evaluator
        2. Passing scores of 88 must be achieved as first and second referee
        3. If a passing score is not achieved on the first evaluation as first or second referee, the referee will receive another evaluation in the position(s) where previously unsuccessful
          1. The second evaluation may occur at the same event or at the next event attended by the referee where the rating team is active
        4. If a passing score is not achieved on the second evaluation,
          1. The referee will have the opportunity to attend the USAV Junior National referee certification process the following season
            1. No application fee or regional signatures are required if attending the following season
            2. Will not be accepted to referee at any USAV National Championship until the referee has successfully completed the Junior National referee certification process
            3. If the referee does not successfully complete the certification process the following season:
              1. Junior National referee certification will only be maintained by following the full Junior National referee candidate application and evaluation process, including fee and region signatures; or
              2. The referee can opt to continue officiating as a Regional referee at the region’s discretion
          2. If the referee has a minimum of two (2) terms as a USAV Junior National referee and is otherwise in good standing, he or she will have the option to retire
    • Junior National Referee (Retired)

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      1. Any USAV Junior National referee in good standing, with at least two (2) certification terms as a USAV Junior National Referee, may apply to the Associate Chair, Indoor Officials Commission, Referees, for voluntary retired status.
      2. To continue working as a referee with USAV, a USAV Junior National Referee (Retired) must register annually with USA Volleyball and the appropriate RVA and remain an active referee in good standing within his/her RVA. Remaining in good standing within the RVA includes but is not limited to, satisfying all requirements for recertification as a Regional referee within that RVA.
        • If a USAV Junior National Referee (Retired) does not wish to work as a referee with USAV, they are not required to remain in good standing within the RVA. The referee will not be allowed to referee at any USAV event, but they will retain their Junior National Referee (Retired) status.
      3. A USAV Junior National Referee (Retired) is authorized to wear the USAV Junior National Referee patch while officiating at USAV sanctioned events.
      4. A USAV Junior National Referee (Retired) is authorized to officiate all USAV-sanctioned regional and inter-regional competition, including junior bid and qualifier tournaments.
      5. A USAV Junior National Referee (Retired) may be periodically requested to submit to re-evaluation by the National Commission for Junior National Referee Evaluation and Certification.
      6. A USAV Junior National Referee (Retired) may apply for recertification as a USAV Junior National Referee by following the procedures set forth in Section I.B.6.a above. The USAV Junior National Referee (Retired) will not be required to pay the $150.00 candidate fee.
      7. Application for retired status must occur either during or immediately after a year in which the Junior National Referee is in good standing with the Officials’ Commission. This includes being certified as a USAV Junior National Referee and paying dues for that year. (Deadline: March 1 of the following year.)
    • National Referee

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      I. Certification and Application Requirements


      1. Must have served as a certified USAV Junior National referee for at least one (1) season.
      2. File the official application with the Director for National Referee Evaluations and Certifications. Application forms and instructions for completing them are available here.
      3. Obtain all approvals as noted in the instructions.
      4. Submit appropriate application fee as noted on the application.
      5. Submit ALL materials by the deadline of April 1. All applicants will be notified by May 1 on the status of their acceptance.
      6. Demonstrate proficiency as a scorer by showing evidence of certification as a Regional, Junior National, or National scorer, or by successfully completing the written scorer examination, and scoring clinic noted in the application instructions if no scorer certification program exists in the applicants region.
      7. Attain a score of 90 on the national-level USA Volleyball rules examination by the deadline. This test must be taken without the use of the rulebook or other resources (i.e., closed-book).
      8. Have refereed at the USA Boys' Junior National Championships, the NCVF Collegiate Sports Club Championships, or other high level boys’ or mens’ volleyball within the last year. Waiver of the requirement can occur if the candidate demonstrates a prior record of officiating high level boys' or men's volleyball.
      9. Attend the designated USA Volleyball junior tournament and successfully complete all rating requirements at that tournament. The requirements to be completed at the event include:
        1. Attendance at pre-tournament Official's Clinic and Candidates' Meeting which take place the day/night prior to the first day of the rating session.
        2. Remain available to work at the event until the completion of the rating session.
        3. Successful completion of the evaluation sessions.
        4. Forfeiture of all match fees to the Indoor Officials’ Commission of USA Volleyball for all matches worked during the rating process. Candidates will retain fees earned from matches worked before or after the completion of the rating process.
        5. Upon successful completion of these requirements, the candidate will receive a USA Volleyball National referee certification and patch.
        6. The process will be completed the first year the new national referee attends the USA Volleyball Adult Open Championships. New referees will be introduced during the pre-tournament meetings and will be mentored during their first Open Championships to complete their training process.

        NOTE: A referee who is currently a PAVO certified National referee may, by reciprocal agreement, become a USAV National referee candidate, upon recommendation of the PAVO, without meeting requirements I - A, C, and G above. However, if the PAVO candidate has attended a previous rating for USAV National referee certification and failed to receive certification as a USA Volleyball National referee, that individual is required to obtain the approval of the Associate Chair, USAV National Indoor Commission, Referees, before the waivers of the reciprocal agreement will be allowed. The Director for National Referee Evaluations and Certification, upon evaluation of any PAVO candidate at a national rating site, may award:


        1. certification as a USAV National referee;
        2. certification as a USAV Junior National referee;
        3. no certification.

      II. Responsibilities and Entitlements


      1. After certification by the National Commission for Evaluation and Development, a USA Volleyball National referee will be entitled to wear the official USA Volleyball National referee patch while officiating at USA Volleyball-sanctioned events.
      2. A USA Volleyball National referee is authorized to officiate USA Volleyball-sanctioned competition within all USAV regions, and is qualified to officiate at the USAV Boys’ and Girls’ Junior National Championships and the USA Volleyball Adult Open Championships.
      3. Certification as a USA Volleyball National referee is valid for a period of four (4) years. To maintain certification, the referee must complete the following.
        1. Annual requirements.
          1. Register as a member of a USA Volleyball region and remain an active referee with his/her RVA.
          2. Remit annual dues as levied by the Indoor Officials Commission of USA Volleyball by the date established.
          3. In the prescribed method, take the USA Volleyball written rules exam for national-level referees.
            1. Must be taken online and closed book
            2. Must be completed within 60 minutes
            3. Must be completed by midnight, EST, on March 1
            4. Must achieve a score of 90%
          4. Take the USA Volleyball scorer exam as prescribed by the Indoor Officials Commission, Referees.
          5. Attend the USA Volleyball National Referee clinic.
            1. May attend the online national referee clinic once in each certification term, but never in a DCR print season.
            2. Must be completed by March 1
          6. Have a current background screening on file with USA Volleyball
        2. Attendance requirements for the first two certification terms - must be a full day commitment as a referee at any of the required events.
          1. Officiate at the USA Volleyball Adult Open Championships in at least one year of each of the first two certification terms.
          2. Officiate at a USA Volleyball Qualifier or Bid Tournament, the Starlings Tournament, the NCVF Club Championships, one of the USA Junior National Championships, or the Adult Open Championships in at least one of the remaining three years of each of the first two certification terms.
          3. Officiate at one of the USA Volleyball Junior National Championships or the USA Volleyball Adult Open Championships in one of the other years (besides the ones officiated in a and b) of each of the first two certification terms.
          4. Submit to re-evaluation by the National Commission for Evaluation and Certification at any time while officiating at a USAV sanctioned event.
          5. May be absent from all national-level competition one year out of each of the first two certification terms.
        3. Attendance requirements for subsequent terms after the first two certification terms.
          1. Same attendance requirements as in 2, but if attend a JNC or the Adult Open Nationals and a tournament from the list in 2b in the same year, can be absent from national-level competition for two separate years in that certification term.
          2. Serving as a head referee, rater, or trainer at the BJNC, GJNC, Open National Championships or HP Championships.
            1. Allowed as attendance requirement in only one year of each certification term.
      4. A USAV National referee encountering unusual difficulty in meeting the attendance requirements may request, in a letter or email, a one-year extension of certification. The request must be submitted to the Associate Chair, Indoor National Officials Commission, Referees.
        1. Even when on an extension, the referee must complete all annual requirements.
      5. A USAV National referee with a minimum of two (2) certification terms as a National Referee who allows that certification to expire, has two options for recertification:
        1. If the referee wishes to re-certify within the three years immediately following expiration of the rating, the referee must:
          1. Submit an application and a summary of volleyball activities for the previous three (3) years.
          2. Affirm membership within the respective USA Volleyball region during the period since expiration.
          3. Send the application and summary to the Director for National Referee Evaluation and Certification, who may authorize the candidate to attend a USA Girls' Junior National Championship for re-evaluation. The recertification candidate must pay the $150.00 candidate fee, and follow the procedures as noted in Section I.F above.
        2. If the referee wishes to re-certify after the three-year period following expiration of the National Referee certification, the referee must apply through his/her region as noted in Section I above.
          1. Applications for new National referees will be given priority over applications submitted under the provisions for expired certifications.

      III. Repercussions for Not Fulfilling the Requirements


      1. National Officials Commission Dues
        1. A USA Volleyball National referee who does not submit his/her dues by the deadline will be assessed a late fee of 100%.
        2. If the dues and the late fee are not received by the subsequent deadline, the National Referee certification will be rescinded.
      2. National-level written rules exam
        1. A USA Volleyball National referee who submits a National-level rules exam after the deadline will not be confirmed to work as a referee for one of the USA Junior National Championships or the Adult Open Championships during that season unless one of the tournaments is in need of referees, even if the referee must attend to maintain certification.
        2. If the referee attends a certifying tournament in the year the referee exam is submitted after the deadline, he/she will not receive credit for attendance in that season.
        3. If the rules exam is not received by May 31 of that year, the referee will lose his/her USAV National referee certification.
        4. If the referee fails to achieve the minimum score of 90% on the USAV written rules exam, but submits the exam by the testing deadline, he/she will be placed on a one year probation.
          1. During the probationary year, the referee may not referee the 16 through 18 Open level at either JNC or the PVL and Open Divisions at the Adult Open Nationals, and will not be assigned to any Finals match.
          2. If the referee does not achieve the minimum score on the written rules exam for a second consecutive year, his/her National referee certification will be rescinded.
      3. National Referee Clinic
        1. If the referee fails to complete the national referee clinic by March 1, attendance at any national level tournament in that season will not count towards attendance requirements. The referee will also not be accepted to referee at either of the JNC tournaments or the Adult Open Nationals in that season.
        2. If the referee fails to complete the national referee clinic by May 31, his/her National referee certification will be rescinded.
      4. Failure to complete A, B, or C for a second year in a row by the initial deadline will result in a rescinding of the referees National referee certification.
        1. Officials Commission Dues – November 1
        2. National-level rules exam – March 1
        3. National Referee clinic – March 1
      5. USAV Membership
        1. If the referee does not become a member of USAV by March 1, the National certification will be rescinded.
      6. Attendance requirements
        1. A USA Volleyball National referee who does not attend the required tournaments during any certification period, and does not ask for the one-year extension of certification, will be placed on a one-year probation period.
          1. In the year following probation, if the referee does not attend a required tournament, the USA Volleyball National certification will be rescinded.
          2. In the year following probation, if the referee attends a required tournament, a one-year certification extension will be granted. If the referee attends a required tournament in the second year following the probation, a new four (4) year certification period is awarded.
      7. Re-evaluation
        1. A USAV National referee will be formally evaluated as both a first and second referee at least ONCE in each certification term.
          1. Evaluations may occur as often as every two years
            1. Evaluations will not occur in consecutive years if passing scores are received
          2. Consecutive evaluations will not be done by the same evaluator
          3. The evaluator will conduct a formal debriefing as soon as possible depending on the availability of the referee and evaluator
        2. A passing score of 90 must be achieved as first and second referee
        3. If a passing score is not achieved on the first evaluation as first or second referee, the referee will receive another evaluation in the position(s) where previously unsuccessful
          1. This second evaluation may occur at the same event or at the next event attended by the referee where the rating team is active
        4. If a passing score is not achieved on the second evaluation,
          1. the referee will have the opportunity to attend the USAV National referee certification process the following season
            1. No application fee or recommendation form signatures are required if attending the following season
            2. Will not be accepted to referee at any USAV National Championship until the referee has successfully completed the National referee certification process
            3. If the referee does not successfully complete the certification process the following season:
              1. National referee certification will only be maintained by following the full National referee candidate application and evaluation process, including fee and recommendation signatures; or
              2. The referee can opt to continue officiating as a USAV Junior National referee
          2. If the referee has a minimum of two (2) certification terms as a USAV National Referee, or at least one (1) certification term as a USAV National Referee and at least one (1) certification term as USAV Junior National Referee, and is otherwise in good standing, he or she will have the option to retire
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    • National Referee (Retired)

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      1. Any USAV National Referee in good standing, with at least two (2) certification terms as a USAV National Referee, may apply to the Associate Chair, National Indoor Officials’ Commission, Referees, for voluntary USAV National Referee (Retired) status.
        • Any USAV National Referee in good standing, with a combination of at least two (2) certification terms as a USAV National and Junior National Referee, may apply to the Associate Chair, National Indoor Officials’ Commission, Referees, for voluntary USAV Junior National Referee (Retired) status. Please refer to the separate section of these certification requirements describing the USA Volleyball Indoor Junior National Referee (Retired).
      2. To continue working as a referee with USAV, a USAV National Referee (Retired) must register annually with USA Volleyball and the appropriate RVA and remain an active referee in good standing within his/her RVA. Remaining in good standing within the RVA includes but is not limited to, satisfying all requirements for recertification as a Regional referee within that RVA.
        • If a USAV National Referee (Retired) does not wish to work as a referee with USAV, they are not required to remain in good standing within the RVA. The referee will not be allowed to referee at any USAV event, but they will retain their National Referee (Retired) status.
      3. A USAV National Referee (Retired) is authorized to wear the USAV National Referee patch while officiating at USAV sanctioned events.
      4. A USAV National Referee (Retired) is authorized to officiate all USAV-sanctioned regional and inter-regional competition, including junior bid and qualifier tournaments.
      5. A USAV National Referee (Retired) may be periodically requested to submit to re-evaluation by the National Commission for National Referee Evaluation and Certification.
      6. A USAV National Referee (Retired) may apply for recertification as a USAV National Referee by following the procedures set forth in Section II.B.6.a above. The USAV National Referee (Retired) will not be required to pay the $150.00 candidate fee.
      7. Application for retired status must occur either during or immediately after a year in which the National Referee is in good standing with the Officials’ Commission. This includes being certified as a USAV National Referee and paying dues for that year. (Deadline: March 1 of the following year.)
    • International Referee

      To become an International referee, the referee must:


      1. Be a currently certified USA National referee and have held that certification for no less than three consecutive years.
      2. Be currently in good standing with the appropriate Regional Volleyball Association as well as with the National Officials Commission.
      3. File the official application with the signature of the appropriate regional commissioner with the Associate Chair, USAV National Indoor Officials’ Commission, Referees.
      4. The application must also include an endorsement by an International Referee, either retired or current. The International referee application can be found here.

    • Becoming a Volleyball Scorer

      Certification of indoor volleyball scorers for USA Volleyball and RVA-sanctioned competition is under the jurisdiction of the Officials Commission and the Regional Volleyball Associations (RVA's). USA Volleyball has established classifications of scorers: Provisional, Regional, USA National, USA National (retired), and USA International.

      Junior, Provisional and Regional scorers will be certified through their respective RVA under the supervision of the Regional Scorer Chair, in cooperation with the Regional Commissioner and according to prescribed criteria.

      USA National scorers will be certified by the National Scorer Certification and Evaluation Commission, in cooperation with the Associate Chair, National Indoor Officials Commission, Scorers.

    • Provisional Scorer

      To become certified/re-certified as a Provisional scorer, a candidate must:


      1. Be a current USAV Volleyball registered member in good standing with his/her RVA.
      2. Complete requirements as prescribed by the regional scorer chair.

      Minimum reguirements include:


      1. Participate in a clinic annually covering techniques and procedures of scoring for USA Volleyball rules.
      2. Annually pass a written or online examination.
      3. Successfully complete one rating on a match annually.

      NOTE: A Provisional scorer must be certified in this capacity for one year prior to applying for Regional certification.

    • Regional Scorer

      To become certified/re-certified as a Regional scorer, a candidate must:


      1. Be a current USAV Volleyball registered member in good standing with his/her RVA.
      2. Be currently certified as a Provisional/Regional scorer.
      3. Complete requirements as prescribed by the regional scorer chair.

      Minimum requirements include:


      1. Participate in a clinic annually covering techniques and procedures of scoring for USA Volleyball rules.
      2. Annually pass a written or online scorer examination.
      3. Successfully complete two ratings on a matches annually.
    • National Scorer

      To become certified as a USA National scorer, a candidate must:


      1. Be a current USA Volleyball registered member in good standing with his/her RVA.
      2. Be certified as a USA Volleyball Regional scorer for at least one year and have demonstrated proficiency in the use of the USA Volleyball scoresheet using the modified USA Volleyball rules.
      3. Must have taken and successfully passed with a score of 90% the current scorer online examination in the year of candidacy.
      4. File the official application form with approval signatures of the respective RVA Commissioner and Scorer chair and required application fee with the Director for Scorer Certification and Evaluation prior to the published closing date. These forms are available here.
      5. Attend the mandatory National candidate scorer clinic in its entirety at the tournament rating site prior to the rating evaluation.
      6. Successfully complete the practical scorer examination at the prescribed USA National tournament rating site.
      7. Successfully complete the National scorer evaluation rating process
      8. Completion of other requirements as prescribed by the USA Volleyball National Indoor Officials Commission, Scorers.
      9. After successful completion, the new National scorer must attend a USA National Open Volleyball Championship within 3 years to complete their certification. If not the certification of National scorer will be rescinded.

      NOTE: Application deadline is April 15th with notification of acceptance by May 1st each year.

      Selection of National scorer candidates

      1. Meets deadline for submitting completed application
      2. One candidate per region – if more regions send candidates than there are available rating slots, candidates are selected via the following criteria
        1. Region that had a candidate excluded in previous year due to class size
        2. Regions with least number of existing National scorers
        3. Regions that did not send a candidate in the previous year
      3. Regions sending in more than one candidate for consideration will rank their candidates in order of priority
      4. Additional candidates selected for rating per region would be allocated to regions with the least number of current National scorers
      5. Maximum class size is 24 candidates

      Note: An application for a new National scorer candidate will be given priority over applications submitted by expired National scorers.

      National Scorer Requirements – 4-Year Term


      1. Remain a USA Volleyball registered member and active scorer in good standing within his/her RVA
      2. Remit annual dues as levied by the Officials Commission of USA Volleyball by the date established by the Officials Commission
      3. Annually view the online National Scorer Clinic and obtain a passing score (90) on the National Scorer Exam
      4. One year during this term must attend the USA Volleyball Open National Championships and score a minimum of 2 matches
      5. In an alternate year during this term must attend any of the following events in the capacity specified
        1. USA Volleyball Open National Championships and score a minimum of 2 matches
        2. GJNC or BJNC as a Scorer Monitor
        3. GJNC or BJNC and score a minimum of 2 pre-approved 16 or above Open matches (with or without pay) – these scoresheets must be turned into the Head Scorer at the event
        4. High Performance Championships and score a minimum of 2 matches
        5. International Event as a Primary Scorer

      To receive credit when being the primary scorer at any of the qualifying events listed below, the National Scorer is responsible to forward the scoresheets or copies by fax, mail or email to the Associate Chair of National Indoor Officials, Scorers within 21 days of the event. The National Scorer must include the name of the individual (head official, assignor) of the event.

      1. National Special Olympics Championships and score a minimum of 2 approved matches
      2. PVL Event as the primary scorer
      3. Score two matches at any other event pre-approved by the Associate Chair of The National Indoor Officials’ Commission, Scorers that uses the USAV approved scoresheet

      Beginning in 2014, as the National Scorers’ current certification date expires the new 4 year term will begin.

      Repercussions for not fulfilling the requirements of a National scorer


      1. A USA Volleyball National scorer who does not submit his/her dues by the deadline will be assessed a late fee of 100%. If the dues and the late fee are not received by the subsequent deadline, the National scorer certification will be rescinded
      2. A USA Volleyball National scorer who submits an exam after the deadline will not be confirmed to work as a scorer for the USA National Open Volleyball Championships or as a monitor at the USA Junior Championships during that year
      3. A USA Volleyball National scorer who does not submit a scorer exam before May 31 will lose their USAV National scorer certification
      4. A USA Volleyball National scorer who fails to achieve the minimum score of 90% of the scorer exam, but still submits the score by the testing deadline, will be placed on a one-year probation
        1. If a National scorer does not achieve the minimum score on the scorer exam for a second consecutive year, the National certification will be rescinded
      5. A USA Volleyball National scorer who does not register to work the USA Volleyball Open Championships by the established deadline will not be confirmed to work that tournament.
      6. A USA Volleyball National scorer confirmed to work the USA Volleyball Open Championships if the dues (plus late fee, if applicable) are paid, the scorer exam is submitted by the deadline, and he/she registers for the tournament by the deadline. A confirmed scorer is guaranteed to work the number of matches requested in the registration (up to a maximum of 6/day, except for the last day of any session). This number of matches will also depend on the number of teams registered for the tournament
      7. A USA Volleyball National scorer is accepted to work at the USA Volleyball Open Championships if the scorer exam is not received by the deadline, and/or if he/she registers for the tournament after the deadline. An accepted scorer is guaranteed only those matches needed to maintain a certification and to meet attendance requirements at the tournament. All other matches assigned will be on an as needed basis
      8. A USA Volleyball National scorer who pays dues (and late fee, if applicable) and meets the examination requirements can register to work the USA Volleyball Adult Open Championships at any time up to the actual dates of the event, and will be assigned to the matches needed to maintain a certification
      9. A USA Volleyball National scorer who does not attend the required USA Volleyball Adult Open Championships during the three (3) year revolving certification period, and does not ask for, in writing, a one-year extension of certification, will be placed on a one-year probation period. A scorer encountering unusual difficulty in attending a USA National Open Volleyball Championship may request in writing, to the Associate Chair, National Indoor Officials Commission, Scorers, for a one-year extension of his/her certification
      10. In the year of their probation, if the scorer does not attend the required tournament, the USA Volleyball National certification will be rescinded
      11. In the year of probation, if the scorer attends the required tournament, a new three (3) year extension certification will be granted
      12. Once a National scorer certification has been rescinded he/she must reapply thru their region to become a National scorer candidate and fulfill all requirements of a National scorer candidate
    • National Scorer (Retired)

      PDF DownloadNational Scorer (Retired)

      1. Any USA Volleyball National Scorer in good standing, with at least two certification terms of service as a USA Volleyball National Scorer may apply for voluntary retired status.
      2. The Retired National Scorer retains National Scorer status and continues to wear the USAV National Scorer patch in all regional competitions. The retired National Scorer must be a current USA Volleyball registered member in good standing within his/her region and must re-certify as necessary according to the process of that region to retain the retired status.
      3. The retired National Scorer will lose the status as qualified/certified USA-International Scorer and may not serve as a scorer on any international matches.
      4. Application for retired status must occur either during or immediately after a year in which the USA Volleyball National Scorer is in good standing with the Officials’ Commission. This includes being certified as a USAV National Scorer and paying dues for that year.
      5. The retired USA Volleyball National Scorer may apply for re-certification as a USA Volleyball National Scorer by following these procedures:
        1. Be a USA Volleyball member in good standing.
        2. View the online National Scorer clinic and obtain a passing score on the National Scorer exam.
        3. Submit paperwork and current fee for re-certification evaluation by the deadline to the Director, National Indoor Scorer Evaluation and Certification.
        4. Arrange re-certification evaluation with the Director, National Indoor Scorer Evaluation and Certification.
    • International Indoor Scorer

      The Director, International Indoor Scorers administers this program under the supervision of the International Indoor Officials’ Commission.

      To become QUALIFIED to keep score using the international scoresheet, a candidate must:


      1. Be currently certified as a USA National indoor scorer.
      2. Download and print the International scorers manual and bring it with you to the approved clinic.
      3. Attend the approved International Rating and Training Commission (IRTC) clinic in its entirety.
      4. Complete the official application form obtained at the approved clinic.
      5. Keep score on a minimum of two practice matches at the USA Open Volleyball Championships using the international scoresheet.

      To maintain the qualification, a scorer must:


      1. Remain active as a USA National scorer.
      2. When in attendance at the USA Open Volleyball Championships keep score on a minimum of one match using the international scoresheet. Attendance at the IRTC is also strongly recommended.
      3. Be available for assignment when called upon. Those qualified to keep score using the international scoresheet will be eligible for assignment to USA team tour matches and non-sanctioned international events in the United States.

      To become CERTIFIED to keep score using the international scoresheet, a candidate must meet the following criteria and complete the following procedures:

      Criteria:

      1. Be currently rated as a USA National indoor scorer, having maintained this rating for the last four consecutive years.
      2. Have demonstrated an interest in this program as an active worker, scorer and rater on the national level during this time.
      3. Have been qualified to use the international scoresheet for a minimum of two years.
      4. Have demonstrated competency on the electronic scoresheet program.

      Procedure:

      When a USA International Scorer certification clinic has been announced:


      1. File the appropriate application with the Director, International Indoor Scorers, by the deadline. These forms are available from the Director, International Indoor Scorers.

      If selected as a candidate:


      1. Pay required clinic fees to USA Volleyball, and send to address as noted on the application form.
      2. Fully attend and successfully complete the prescribed training clinic.
      3. Successfully complete practical ratings at assigned international matches.

      To maintain this certification, the USA International scorer must:


      1. Remain active as a USA National scorer.
      2. When in attendance at the USA Open Volleyball Championships keep score on a minimum of one match using the international scoresheet. Attendance at the IRTC is also strongly recommended.
      3. Be available for assignment when called upon.
      4. Maintain a standard of excellence as determined by the USA Volleyball International Indoor Officials’ Commission through evaluation of all international scoresheets and input from other officials at international matches.

      Those certified as USA International scorers will be eligible for assignment to USA team tour matches, non-sanctioned international events and sanctioned FIVB championship competitions in the United States.

  • Junior Officials Certifications

    • Junior Second Referee

      Minimum Standards for Junior Second Referees at National Events

      No use of electronic devices during the match

      No food or drink ON the scoring table

      Demonstrates proficiency in the following:


      1. Brings own whistle.
      2. Whistle – loud, crisp, timely.
      3. Correctly checks line-ups prior to each set.
      4. Observes receiving team during service action.
      5. Transitions to blocking side of net during rallies (when possible).
      6. Repeats first referee’s signals; uses proper signals and sequence for R2 calls.
      7. Maintains focus at net during net play (does not follow ball).
      8. Identifies center line, net faults and touches above the net.
      9. Follows substitution procedures & communicates sub info with scorer.
      10. Administers time-outs.
      11. Assists with communication amongst officiating crew.
    • Junior Scorer

      Minimum Standards for Junior Scorers at National Events

      No use of electronic devices during the match

      No food or drink ON the scoring table

      Demonstrates proficiency in the following:


      1. Correctly records:
        • Results of coin toss (serving and receiving team information).
        • Starting line-ups.
      2. Confirms the correct server.
      3. Slashes running score column points.
      4. Enters exit scores.
      5. Substitutions.
        • Slashes player number exiting set and enters player number entering set.
        • Slashes the total team sub count.
      6. Records time outs.
      7. At the end of the set:
        • Enters and circles final exit scores.
        • Correctly enters winning and losing teams & scores in results section.

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